How to grow avocado at home
Avocado is a fruit laden with vitamins and minerals. It has anti-oxidant properties and can assist in lowering cholesterol. Moreover, avocado has many culinary uses whether as desserts or as an ingredient in salads, dishes and accompaniments. If you are interested how to grow avocado, take a peek at easy tips to get these fruits thriving in your garden or backyard.
Avocados are native to Central America and Mexico with the latter producing the highest volume of fruits. They are also found in many parts of the world such as Asia, the Caribbean, Europe, South and North America.
What you will need:
- Subtropical climate
The avocado tree, first of all, needs a subtropical climate. This means that your geographical location must not have lots of winds and frosts. Hence, if you are living in an area where you get snow, then learning how to grow avocado is useless as the fruits will not thrive.
- Well drained and aerated soils
For the fruit tree to grow properly, you will need soil conditions that are favourable. Avocados need a well-aerated soil. As there are different soil types all over the world, cultivars also vary.
There are several methods of propagation as follows:
If you plan to grow avocados indoors, here is how to do it:
- Take seed out of a ripe avocado. The fruit should not have been refrigerated, otherwise it will not sprout.
- Stab the pit of the fruit using toothpicks. You can put 4 toothpicks around the pit.
- Fill a glass or a small vase with water (preferably tepid). Immerse the pit about a third of its body. The toothpicks should also help keep it afloat.
- In 4-6 weeks, roots should begin to form.
- Once the stems and leaf appear, transplant the sprout in a pot of soil.
- Water often and re-pot as needed.
Harvesting and other issues
If you want to learn how to grow an avocado by seed, bear in mind that it will take 4-6 years before you can get fruits. Some seedlings can even only fruit after 10 years. Hence, a viable option is to use seedling or clonal rootstocks: Also, avocados are vulnerable to certain fungal and bacterial diseases which make it difficult to grow them. But if you are just using it as a houseplant, then it makes a nice decoration in the interior of your home.